Software engineers are responsible for the design, functionality, coding, and deployment of enterprise software. They work with project managers and business analysts to determine the right features and user interface that makes end users productive. They can work as an employee designing software for internal applications, or they can work as consultants designing software for consumers. Software engineering is a lucrative career with several opportunities across various industries. Because these positions are so numerous, junior, intermediate and senior level software engineers have opportunities regardless of skill level.

What Does a Software Engineer Do?

Software engineers work closely with designers to determine functionality and workflow. They also work with business analysts and project managers to understand user concerns and requirements. Some software engineers triage current applications to reduce the number of issues and errors that affect user performance and sales revenue. They map current workflows to ensure that software meets user needs. They also work with business requirements to ensure software is designed based on company needs. Whether it’s cloud software, desktops software or mobile apps, an engineer is responsible for overall functionality of software code.

Software Engineer Job Responsibilities and Duties

Software engineers have several daily duties related to meetings, software design, understanding business requirements and coding components of the application. They usually work in a team, which includes developers, designers, and other engineers. Since enterprise applications are complex, it takes several engineers to create each software component and support any bug issues.

Common job responsibilities include:

  • Meet with business managers, PMs and BAs to determine the right business requirements
  • Assign responsibility of each business requirement to developers and designers
  • Analyze software and make suggestions for improvements that increase productivity
  • Identify user experience flaws and suggest changes for better workflows
  • Participate in all aspects of the development lifecycle including creation, coding and bug support
  • Help define best practices for coding design policies and standards
  • Train junior engineers and developers in coding practices and design lifecycles
  • Debug and support software during testing and post-deployment

Software engineers need experience to understand the way code is designed and deployed. They get this experience by working in other IT positions related to coding and software design. Several related jobs give applicants the opportunity to learn software engineering from the ground up. Junior level engineers are often given maintenance and small update tasks to familiarize them with the software development lifecycle and debugging.